I knock on the door of a new family on my caseload. Having done intakes for years, I knew that documents I reviewed would not realistically tell me the needs of the family – especially a family who has two children with Autism. After introducing myself, the mother looking haggard and overwhelmed broke into tears asking me, “How could it be I have two children with Autism?’
The number of individuals who fall under the umbrella of the Autism spectrum has widely varied over the years, but recently estimated statistics indicate that 1 in every 110 children are diagnosed with Autism. Not only is there a 1:100 ratio, but also it is estimated that 1: 70 boys are diagnosed while 1: 110 girls are diagnosed with Autism.
The occurrence of Autism has increased annually 10-15%. Specifically why the increase has come about is yet to be determined. Diagnostic tools have improved bringing the age of diagnosis to about four and a half. This upsurge brings about a need to understand where the child is on the Autism Spectrum and how Autism Therapy and Autism Treatment can benefit the child.
After diagnosis those involved need to understand where the child stands on the Autism Spectrum Disorder. The Spectrum is understood to include: Asperger’s Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Rett’s Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder NOS (not otherwise specified). The cause of any of the disorders on the spectrum is unknown. Just as there are different levels and degree of severity so are the causes probably diverse.